In my view, it is clarifying to distinguish also the profession of film curator. This person chooses all films from scratch and collects them from several sources, guided by both 1. Reflection personal and professional taste and by informed intuition about potential audiences. Granted, the difference between programmer and curator is a matter of degree instead of a sharp contrast. We live in interesting times: the fascinating challenge is that everybody can be a film curator In chapter 1 of my book I sketched some options for the research of film nowadays.
If your audience is larger than fits in your couch at home, then programming.
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Practice what you preach! Therefore I submit here, you are part of public film culture either as festival, cinema or archive. Comments are welcome. These are some additions to my book. It was a satisfying learning project focusing on the circulation of films and the programming of film experience because a well-balanced conciseness makes every message heritage in the setting of contemporary screenings in cinemas, film stronger.
However, there are still some matters to complete and even only festivals and film archives. Therefore, I present some additional texts and references. It is a chance for me to But first of all, it is time to hear a song: elaborate on some topics concerning film programming. In the www. What did we see here? If you were an empirical researcher of human behaviour, you would start with the description of the bare facts: two men It is a work in progress.
This update is made in the winter of It are standing near a tree. They are talking friendly and start haltingly to has grown into a total of circa 12, words. Totally free of charge, but I sing a short sweet song and they sing it again, with more confidence. If hope not gratuitous. Naturally, all errors and mistakes remain minutes long extract of the Spanish movie El Sol del Membrillo my responsibility.
Maryam Afshar transformed my manuscript into directed by Victor Erice in and it is a documentary portrait of the an excellently designed publication. He is trying to paint a tree in his and support in many ways. And you would also have fond earlier circulation of films.
He chose the institutional aesthetics of philosopher George The South, Dickie as a starting point Carroll, These memories are determined by the traditional practice of film The screening of film heritage on the big screen has two conflicting areas circulation based on the unwritten regulation by many gatekeepers such or even trenches : the programmer is on the one hand a curious and as sales agents, distributors, critics, programmers of film festivals, critical customer of film archives and distribution companies who is very programmers of film theatres and last but not least the programmers of eager to obtain prints for projection.
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At the same time the programmer is film archives. The figure of the film programmer interests me because I a provider of content who is aiming at the largest possible audience. The have a long professional experience in this field. The film programmer could be inventory. Subsequent questions could be: How do they to developments in the networks of production and consumption of films. Which arguments do they use for which reasons? He or she is to be regarded as a node of connection in a period of And what are the consequences of their choices in the arena of transition. This issue is a rather broad subject and doing scientific construction of reputations?
Research should always be sharply focused. For my research I I limit myself here to the first question, ignoring the many financial, have narrowed my perspective therefore to a film programmer who wants technological and legal problems that the programmer who wants to to present film heritage in a screening room. I aim to focus my research show film heritage has to face. I could point out some structural on his or her artistic choices and possibilities. I level of analysis. Doing so it is inevitable to arrive at the film archive, the intend to explain the contemporary modes of presentation and reception source of nearly all kinds of film heritage.
The collections of film of film heritage. One possible approach is to analyse the institutional archives are being digitalized.
As a consequence, film archives are in a foundation involved in this practice: to make an inventory of the network state of transition regarding the accessibility and presentation of their involved and describe the players and their relationships. Social scientist collection. Film heritage is nowadays eighties in Belgium. I have tried to apply this approach in my research of simultaneously available in different physical forms, ranging from an the distribution and exhibition of the silent film Eliso in the analogue celluloid print on a reel, to electronic signals on videotape, to a Netherlands.
This proved to be an interesting case study Bosma digital file on a hard disc. Her research inspires me to film archive. A large part of the collection acquired as a gift in focus on the fundamental questions concerning the acquisition of film has been conserved and has been shown to the national and collections by film archives: who donated films and why? Who selected international public. This revival of early cinema contained feature them and how? In the last few decades these questions have received a films such as Fior di Male Carmine Gallone, and also a selection growing amount of attention, both from film historians and from the of curated compilation programmes as for example the series of Bits archives themselves.
The film collection has also been incorporated in some beautiful found footage films, for instance Lyric Nitrate Peter Delpeut, Distribution is considered by many experts to be the key position in the and Film Ist Gustav Deutsch, In addition to this, I would argue, distribution companies are The Adventurous Years of Film This collection was acquired in and distributors greatly influences which films reach a national release. As a originated from the distribution branch of the Nederlandse Filmliga. The consequence, it also influences which films are available for preservation. The collection was Netherlands has presented their collection in many innovative ways by also used as source material for some outstanding found footage programming a series of new restorations and highlighting different films, such as Mother Dao, the Turtle Like Vincent Monnikendam, sub-collections.
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Doing so, attention was paid to the history of acquisition. The footage collection. The programming of the archive reflected the choices being was also used in a part of Welt Spiegel Kino Gustav Deutsch, These few examples illustrate have chosen three case studies linked to the collection of the Dutch Film that various contemporary artists and curators can be inspired by the Museum. In his thorough study about Dutch there are many different options to recycle the preserved film heritage distributor Jean Desmet, film historian Ivo Blom researched the in an artistic way.
As an independent this time focusing on the state of things in the early 21st century. In my freelance researcher I am focusing my present research onto the view, the programmer has taken the key position because he or she is a non-commercial Dutch distribution company Film International which mediator in an increasingly mediated world. In the programmer existed for twelve years. It started in as distribution branch of the selects films from the archive and composes a programme that should be International Film Festival Rotterdam and merged in with the relevant for an audience who has many alternative options for access to distribution branch of the Dutch Film Museum Bosma, The context of film festivals has been researched by Marijke de Valck in On the contrary, in the seventies the audience had less choice and film her excellent dissertation Film Festivals.
From European Geopolitics to Global programmers mainly just scheduled the releases selected by distributors Cinephilia She has taken the lead in the on-going research of this such as Film International. In the seventies the Dutch Film Museum had a fascinating subject.
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I would like to join this line of research with an very limited budget for preservation. It is remarkable that safeguarding the film heritage. In the late eighties the first steps to the catalogues of the distribution company Film International offered support film preservation were taken. It took a long time to develop a from the start a selection of both newest film art and film heritage. There consistent policy for the preservation of audio-visual heritage. The film programmers in therefore have many more options and also much more competition As indicated, the Film International collection eventually ended up at the in their profession than their predecessor in the seventies.
The research Dutch Film Museum due to a merger in The story about the details questions I would like to raise are: What kind of programmes the of this deal I reserve for another time. My focus would first be on the programmers of would like to present, for what reasons? And with exploration of the context of the artistic choices of this extraordinary what kind of difficulties and constraints were they confronted?
In other words, I would like to inventory the Dutch film culture in the To summarise: I would like to investigate the circulation of films in the seventies and early eighties. In this perspective, it is relevant to chart the recent past. This leads me to an exploration of the contemporary film competition which other distribution companies did exist at the time? This context influenced the possibilities and limitations of circulation and resonance of films. Please allow me to phrase a few closing remarks and to return to the As a next step, I would like to connect this inventory of the Dutch film starting point of my research proposal.
It will be evident that the culture of the recent past to the present time, roughly three decades later. We are living in exciting times available for programmes. And the discourse about film art is stimulated by the worldwide exchange through the Internet. In this new context I would like to promote the everlasting relevance and pleasure of presenting films on 2. Cinephilia as the big screen in cinemas. Certainly, it is nice that we could retrieve many clips of for instance El Sol del Membrillo on the Internet but these kinds of Curatorial Element films were made for presentation in cinemas and they deserve to return regularly to a large audience in a screening room.
This statement is not a sign of a nostalgic longing for a visual culture of the past. In my view the presentation of films on the big screen is to be regarded as safeguarding 2. Director Martin Scorsese got interested in film preservation in the Seventies when he wanted to watch the original versions of Once Upon a Obviously, El sol del Membrillo does not belong to the Rotterdam Film Time in the West Sergio Leone, and Il Gattopardo The Leopard, Collection it was released in The Netherlands by distribution company Luchino Visconti, but there were no good prints available.
In Contact Film. Still, it is a nice example to start my argument because Martin Scorcese initiated the establishment of The Film Foundation with even a film made in is part of the film heritage of our days. It is a non-profit organisation whose objective is to provide financial assistance for the preservation, restoration and broadcasting of I hope my research proposal was clear and concise, but also I hope that films from all over the world, in particular the cinema of Africa, Latin you were intrigued by this Spanish film and would like to see it in its America, Asia and Central Europe.
In close association with several film complete form on the big screen. Thank you very much for your attention! This catalogue offers a perfect base for a distinctive film programme. Lucas Art School, University Ghent. Hence, the first filmmaker to be discussed is further mystifications.
Hitchcock - the English version of this early sound film , I Walked with screendaily. The masterpiece could naturally only be Vampyr constructing several sizeable programmes of Italian cinema, grouped by Carl Theodor Dreyer, A perfect choice! Scorsese focuses on the canon of Italian cinema, discussing mainly major classics. It also keeps forgotten masters. Scorsese would probably applaud this initiative but be the audience on their toes challenging them to think about themes and aware that you need to see a lot of films, do a lot of research and techniques in new ways.
So, what would be your choice of a masterpiece preferably attend filmschool in order to reach his level of knowledge. This educational event of ten full days of director, or based on an informed and resourceful association. The lectures and screenings held in Antwerp is as immersive as a film festival. In this case and that time it would be inevitable to program also the film that director Richard Linklater made earlier with the same actors A first example: Hell or High Water David Mackenzie, is an Ethan Hawke and Julie Delphy back in Before Sunrise.
The story impressive film that can be appreciated on its own. Still, it could be started in Vienna and continued almost ten years later in Paris. The rewarding to give some context by screening additional films. Eric Rohmer This film has indeed a comparable mood and spirit. But there are Girl which is a really authentic romantic story. Also a classic nuit All Night Long, Chantal Akerman, would be also a good option western like The Searchers John Ford could give relevant additional for setting a similar mood.
The French touch of romantic sentiment could meaning to a screening of Hell or High Water. Genz, For our programme in cinema about couples that excel in a lot of walking and talking. This would LantarenVenster we added two more films as cinephiliac context. The include obviously the two films actress Julie Delphy directed: 2 Days in obvious choice is naturally Tokyo Story Yasujiro Ozu, As for the theme of dysfunctional Japanese that could be contrasted with Medecine for Melancholy Barry Jenkins, families in feature films, there is an abundant choice available but there Make sure there is also a time slot for screening the double- are also always practical limitations to the amount of indulging one can perspective experiment of The Disappearance of Eleanor Rigby: Him in do.
We restricted ourselves therefore to presenting just a nice quartet of combination with The Disappearance of Eleanor Rigby: Her Ned Benson, films in our cinema.
Attendance was predictably low. As usual, we So, here we are again confronted by the fundamental choice: do we keep catering All these thoughts can lead to an exploration of a thematic programming to the particular taste of a cinephile minority, or do we try to stimulate the around romantic films with options to choose among comedies, taste of a large potential public of young urban cultural omnivores, or are melodramas or tragedies. If you have three screening rooms employees and students in the health and welfare area?
The debate is you could present a choice of three moods: light, shady or dark. Some still in progress, the struggle continues. Its roots are decayed; vulgar, poor neighbours The weather forecast is a popular topic.
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Film stills of impressive rain want it cut down; and when the niggly and neurotic Margot Nicole showers are surfacing on many timelines during rainy days. Memorable Kidman climbs it in a fit of showy girlishness, she gets stuck and has to be beach scenes in feature films are a natural post during summertime.
And rescued by firemen. I Snow; Orlow Seunke, For the time being, I limit myself to four great examples as a Film magazines and blogs want to position themselves by regularly starting point. We see an exuberant tree in full leaf. Jane Campion proofs early on that she is a master of composing opening images that immediately Personally, I am fascinated by the dramaturgical use of trees, especially grab the attention of the viewer, with special camera angles, tree climbing and even more specific treehouses.
The sparkle that started mysterious music and a flowing text as voice over. His oeuvre includes The Tree of Life , To b. I wrote a guided tour along some film clips posted on YouTube. Their worldview is Barone Rampante, situated in the 18th century, about a boy who climbs up totally crazy, but their escape is shown with a calm naturalness that is in in a tree after an argument with his parents and remains there for the astonishing. They are on the run and hide in the wilderness. Cinephilia as a Curatorial Element3.
The Network of Intermediaries4. Curating Film Theatres5. Curating Film Festivals6. Curating Film Archives7. Case Studies8. Conclusion: Final WordsBibliographyIndex.
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