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Content Chapter 1, "Science and Politics under the Constituent Assembly", principally covers a variety of individuals in the French Constituent Assembly, the calling of the Estates-General, these being Condorcet, Bailly in contrast to the other two, not really a highly prestigious scientist , and Lavoiser. Review Any reader will be amazed by the grasp of the author over the sheer degree of minutia of the French Revolution combined with his incredible amount of knowledge of scientific development.
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Science and polity in France at the end of the Old Regime
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- Charles Coulston Gillispie;
- Charles C. Gillispie, Science and Polity in France at the end of the Old Regime.
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Instead, its purpose is to set out in narrative form what I take to be the structure of classical science. This I find in the route which the advancing edge of objectivity has in fact taken through the study of nature from one science to another!
Anyhow, although many important men and ideas are not included, the volume offers an organic whole, concentrating on the most brilliant scientific minds of all times. Their major developments are accounted, assisted by quotations that convey the spirit of scientific work in different ages.
Since the text first appeared, its value for the history of science was unquestionable. Quarrels verted on the meaning of objectivity, not for its equivalence to positive or even rational attitudes, rather for its description of a uniformitarian nature and uncritical identification of kinds of model presupposed by fundamental science. Gillispie presents science as a collective and progressively mounting construction. For example, the numerical representation of natural phenomena, which originated in the separation of mind and matter conceived by Descartes, found in the Cartesian method a great means for physics marrying it to algebra and geometry, eventually giving place to the coordinate system in daily use among all branches of science.
Science has become increasingly objective in all its disciplines — the author claims, — the process began in physics with kinematics, developed then through chemistry and biology to return ultimately to the physics of XIX-century — though the complexity of quantum mechanics makes it difficult to maintain an objective and uniformitarian view of nature. This path could be satisfactory if the notion of objectivity is made clear. At least, Kelvin provided a readily applicable sense for objectivity.
Unfortunately, Gillispie was not so clear and augmented confusion putting a bias to favour atomistic theories — from Democritus, to Dalton and Lavoisier — as superior paradigms supporting objectivity in science. On 21 April , de Flesselles became the last provost of the merchants of Paris , a post roughly equivalent to mayor.
Three months later he faced a chaotic situation as widespread disturbances broke out and the withdrawal of royal troops left a vacuum of authority in central Paris. On 13 July , de Flesselles received demands for weapons to equip a citizens militia being organized to restore order. He was able to provide only three muskets from municipal stocks and his suggestions of where other stores could be found proved misleading or mistaken. De Flesselles was shot dead by an unknown hand on the steps of the City Hall, while trying to justify his actions, and his body decapitated.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Days of the French Revolution.
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